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Nvidia RTX 4090 vs Nvidia RTX 3090: Which is greatest?

The Nvidia GTC 2022 Keynote occasion revealed the most recent batch of next-generation GPUs with the RTX 4000 Collection, alongside the flagship Nvidia RTX 4090.

After a protracted wait, Nvidia has lastly introduced its next-generation graphic playing cards, with two releases: the Nvidia RTX 4090 and the Nvidia RTX 4080.

The most recent GPUs include a brand new structure, often known as Ada Lovelace, and boast new options like DLSS 3 and Third-generation ray tracing.

However with a brand new batch of GPUs, it calls into query whether or not the final technology remains to be price shopping for. If you happen to’re fascinated by seeing how this years flagship scores towards the Nvidia RTX 3090, maintain studying, as we’re going to be breaking down the specs and efficiency claims.


The Nvidia RTX 3090 got here out in September 2020 with a beginning worth of £1399/$1499. Because it’s been accessible for 2 years, it might probably now be discovered on third-party websites, like Overclockers and eBay, for beneath £1000.

The RTX 4090 can be that can be purchased from 12 October 2022. The beginning worth for this GPU can be £1679/$1599, making it the costliest choice out of the 2.


The Nvidia RTX 3090 makes use of Ampere structure, which has since been taken over by Lovelace. Ampere makes use of Samsung’s 8nm course of, with the RTX 3090 coming with 10,496 CUDA Cores. It additionally packs Micron’s 24GB GDDR6X video reminiscence.

It additionally requires a 12-pin PCle energy adaptor, with the GPU that includes a 350W energy draw.

The Nvidia RTX 4090 is available in only one configuration – not like the Nvidia RTX 4080 – and has a CUDA Core depend of 16,384. We are able to see that it packs much more cores than its predecessor.

Lovelace chip Nvidia
Credit score: Nvidia

It’s constructed upon Lovelace structure, which options TSMC’s 4nm course of node. Nvidia was in a position to embrace 76 billion transistors on the GPU, which is leaps and bounds greater than the 26 billion that function on Ampere. Typically, extra transistors end in sooner efficiency, for the reason that knowledge could be processed and transferred at a sooner charge.

The RTX 4090 comes with a large quantity of reminiscence at 24GB GDDR6X, placing it on par with the RTX 3090. This makes each of those graphic playing cards a fantastic choice when you’re craving heaps and many reminiscence.

Nevertheless, the RTX 4090 requires much more energy than its predecessor, at 450W. This is among the highest necessities for GPUs and requires 100W greater than the RTX 3090 – it might be time to improve your PSU.


Since we now have not been in a position to overview both of those graphic playing cards simply but, we are able to’t make any claims on which is extra highly effective proper now. Regardless of this, we are able to use the specs offered by Nvidia to get an thought of which GPU has probably the most energy.

The most recent flagship comes with much more CUDA Cores than its predecessor, which ought to end in a sooner card. CUDA Cores are developed by Nvidia and they’re basically the GPU equal of CPU cores, with extra cores permitting for extra knowledge to be processed directly, which is good for graphically intensive video games.

Furthermore, Lovelace appears to massively outpace Ampere by way of its efficiency. The smaller node and the large quantity of transistors on the RTX 4090 imply that processing could be carried out sooner and extra effectively. The graph beneath exhibits how a lot energy the Lovelace chip has in comparison with Ampere, additional suggesting that the newest GPU will have the ability to massively outpace the RTX 3090.

Lovelace comparison to Ampere
Credit score: Nvidia

Plus, the RTX 4090 comes with options which are unique to the RTX 4000 Collection. Two of a very powerful options are DLSS 3 and Third-generation ray tracing. The previous will assist to push up frates charges to new heights, whereas the latter will allow even higher visuals with superior lighting results.

Till we get the chips in for testing, we can’t undoubtedly declare that the RTX 4090 gives improved energy efficiency over the RTX 3090. However, trying on the up to date structure and the added CUDA Cores, it appears doubtless that the RTX 4090 will massively outpace the RTX 3090, and can most likely be the most suitable choice for anybody searching for probably the most highly effective Nvidia graphics card.

Nvidia additionally claims the RTX 4090 is between 2x and 4x sooner than the RTX 3090 Ti, relying on the sport. If correct, this implies we are able to count on a sizeable efficiency enhance for the RTX 4090 in comparison with the usual RTX 3090.

Be certain to go to Trusted Opinions quickly, as we hope to overview these graphics playing cards over the approaching weeks and months to see which one gives the very best efficiency.

Nvidia RTX 4090 and Nvidia RTX 3090 specs




Measurement (Dimensions)

Launch Date


Energy Consumption

Video Reminiscence

Boosted Clock Velocity



Ray Tracing?

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